[1]赵丛笑,李明红,胡春辉,等.南岳衡山古树名木资源现状及特征分析[J].湖南林业科技,2015,(06):106-110.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1003-5710.2015.06.021]
 ,,et al.The present situation investigation and characteristic analysis about ancient and famous trees in Nanyue Hengshan Mountain[J].Hunan Forestry Science & Technology,2015,(06):106-110.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1003-5710.2015.06.021]
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南岳衡山古树名木资源现状及特征分析()
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《湖南林业科技》[ISSN:1003-5710/CN:43-1096/S]

卷:
期数:
2015年06期
页码:
106-110
栏目:
研究报告
出版日期:
2015-11-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
The present situation investigation and characteristic analysis about ancient and famous trees in Nanyue Hengshan Mountain
文章编号:
1003-5710(2015)06-0106-05
作者:
赵丛笑;? 李明红;? 胡春辉;? 刘玲;? 胡忠辉;? 段巧素
湖南省南岳树木园, 湖南 衡阳421900
Author(s):
ZHAOCongxiao;?LIMinghong;?HUChunhui;?LIULing;? HUZhonghui;?DUANQiaosu
NanyueArboretumofHunanProvince,Hengyang421900,China
关键词:
古树名木;? 现状调查;? 特征分析;? 南岳衡山
Keywords:
ancient and famous trees;? present situation investigation;? characteristic analysis;? Nanyue Hengshan Mountain
分类号:
S 788
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1003-5710.2015.06.021
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
以查阅档案资料和路线调查相结合的方法对整个南岳衡山自然保护区的古树名木资源进行调查。调查结果显示: 南岳衡山有古树名木46科83属124种4816株,其中古树4772株,名木44株;树龄中以100~299年的古树最多,有4595株,500年以上的古树有24株,最大树龄达669年;南岳衡山的古树大都分布在寺庙、道观内或附近的原始天然林中;从所有权来看,南岳衡山的古树名木国有4727株,占98.15%,集体60株,占1.24%,个人13株,占0.26%,其它16株,占0.33%;从生长状态来看,南岳衡山古树生长为“旺盛”的4110株,占86.12%,生长为“一般”的440株,占9.22%;从分布型来看,南岳衡山的古树名木划分为6个分布类型,6个变型(不含世界广布型);南岳衡山古树名木种的分布类型以中国特有分布为主,有62种,占种总数的50.4%,非中国特有分布中,温带分布最多,热带分布次之,种一级水平上南岳衡山古树名木具有亚热带性质,是华东植物区系的组成部分,在地理成分上与华南、华中区联系密切。
Abstract:
A survey of ancient and famous trees in the Nanyue Hengshan Mountain Nature Reserve was conducted by means of the method of combining the archives information and route survey.The survey results show:There are 4816 ancient and famous trees in Nanyue,including 4772 ancient trees and 44 famous ones, which belong to 46 families, 83 genera and 124 species.The age of most trees is around 100 to 299 years oldThe number of the ones is 4595 There are 24 trees whose age is more than 500 years old.The oldest tree is up to 669 years oldMost of Nanyue Hengshan’s ancient trees are located in temple, Taoist temple or nearby primeval forest.From the perspective of the trees’ ownership, the number and percentage distribution is: stateowned 4727, accounting for 98.15%; collectiveowned 60, accounting for 1.24%; individual owned 13, accounting for 0.26%; noneowned 16, accounting for 0.33%.From the perspective of the trees’ growth state, the number and percentage distribution is: vigorous 4110, accounting for 86.12%; general 440, accounting for 9.22%; other states 266, accounting for 4.66%.From the perspective of the arealtypes of Families of plants, the trees can be divided into 6 distribution type and 6 variants (not including worldwide spreading types).The distribution types are mainly China endemic, including 62 species and accounting for 50.4% of total number.In the nonChina endemic distribution types, the temperate zone distribution is the most one and the tropical distribution is the second one.The ancient and famous tree in Nanyue Hengshan Mountain have subtropical nature and are a part of the flora in East China with close relationship with South China and Central China in geographical elements.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
基金项目:湖南省科技项目(XLK201450-2)。
作者简介:赵丛笑(1970-),女,湖南省湘潭市湘乡人,高级工程师,主要从事经济林研究。
更新日期/Last Update: 2015-11-30